The Demographic of Debts Within The American Population
At America’s beginnings, the famous patriot Patrick Henry declared, “Give me liberty… or give me death!” The country’s motto has changed to “Forget financial liberty… give me debt!” due to the COVID-19 pandemic’s economic shock. Learn more about debts and how you can get a loan even with a bad credit score by visiting https://acfa-cashflow.com/.
According to the Federal Reserve, household debt in the United States reached a new high of $14.6 trillion in 2021. That check would be $14,600,000,000.00 if you had to write it. Fortunately, the debt is shared by over 340 million people. On the other hand, who is more likely to become in debt? Who, more significantly, is more likely to get out of debt?
It all comes down to age, income, ethnicity, family structure, and educational attainment. Although demographics do not directly influence one’s debt, it is crucial to be aware of them. It may inspire you to defy the odds and achieve financial independence. Here’s a rundown of debt’s recent history and important demographics.
Student Loans Debt
Paying for college has become a long-term financial burden for millions of Americans. According to the Federal Reserve, the total bill was $1.7 trillion as of March 2021. That was more than a tenfold increase from a decade before.
According to the Department of Education, the 18-to-29-year-old age group accounted for 34% of the debt. However, 35-year-olds who took out loans had the highest average. The average amount they owed was $42,600. According to a survey by The Brookings Institution, 6% of borrowers owed more than $100,000 in student loan debt, with 2% owing more than $200,000. One-third of all student loan debt was in the six-figure range.
A Lending Tree analysis looked at the “earnings to debt” ratio of degrees to determine the greatest investment for that money. The researchers divided the average student loan disbursement for 64 majors by the early career income of the closest-matching job. Physical Sciences, Computer Engineering, General Engineering, Chemical Engineering, and Computer Science had the highest earning-to-debt ratios.
Law, Pharmacy, and Education were the degrees with the lowest immediate return on investment. Early career earnings are mediocre in those industries, but they can rise significantly with time. Regardless of the degree, getting a sheepskin often improves a student’s earning potential. According to the US Census Bureau, people with a college diploma earn 71 percent more than those with only a high school level.
Due to the COVID-19 shutdown, federal student loans were granted forbearance in 2020. Despite the lack of a solid loan forgiveness strategy, advocacy groups urge the Biden Administration to erase about $1 trillion in student debt, up to $50,000 per person. That would assist in reducing one type of US debt. However, someone would still have to pay the money.
So, despite all the studies, programs, and whims of spending vs. earning in the United States, one thing remains constant. The debt train in America will continue to run.
Debt By Age
“You have to spend money to make money,” you’ve probably heard. Economists disagree on this, but it’s undeniable that people spend more when they earn more. According to a CNBC study from 2021, the average American is $90,460 in debt. This comprised credit cards, personal loans, mortgages, and school loans, among other consumer debt items.
In 2020, the average amount of debt per generation will be:
- Millennials (ages 24 to 39): $87,448
- Gen Z (ages 18 to 23): $16,043
- Gen X (40 to 55 years old): $140,643
- $97,290 for baby boomers (ages 56 to 74).
- The silent generation (those aged 75 and up): $41,281
Gender and Debt
Over the decades, women have made enormous economic gains, but most of them will be in greater debt than males. According to PayScale’s crowdsourced statistics, women will receive 82 cents for every dollar earned by men in 2021. Men made roughly 18% more than women in terms of median wage. This represents an increase of 1% from 2020 and an increase of 8% from 2015.
Experts cite discrimination, job choices, maternity leave, and other factors as explanations for the gender disparity. Whatever the source, women are left with less money in the end. One issue is that many people begin their careers in severe financial straits. According to the National Center for Education Studies, women are responsible for 58 percent of all student loan debt.
It takes them two years to pay off those loans on average. LGBTQ borrowers had $16,000 more in student loan debt than non-LGBT borrowers. When it comes to retirement income and savings, women over 65 are likewise behind. According to a 2020 poll by the National Institute for Retirement Security, their median household retirement income was $47,244.
That was 83% of what their male counterparts, who live in households with a median retirement income of $57,144 (including Social Security, pensions, investment income, and earnings), earned.
The Pandemic’s Impact on Debt
The less money you make, the easier it is to get into debt. In 2020, that simple lesson was reinforced. The unemployment rate increased from 3.5 percent before COVID to 14.8 percent in April 2020, the highest since 1948.
According to Experian, the total U.S. consumer debt amount increased by $800 billion. This was a 6% gain over the previous year, the highest yearly growth rate in more than a decade. Student loan debt grew the greatest (12%), followed by home debt (7%) and personal loan debt (6%). (6 percent ). On the other hand, credit card debt fell $73 billion in 2019, a 9% decline from the previous year and the first annual drop in eight years.
According to an Experian poll conducted in November 2020, 66 percent of customers spent the same or less during the pandemic than they did in 2019. Around 33% of those polled stated they plan to save more in 2020 than they did the previous year.
Minorities and Debt
Minorities earn less than whites in general, but this does not always imply that they have more debt because they have less to spend and are less likely to qualify for higher-dollar loans.
According to the Value Penguin study, white families’ average credit card balance in 2021 was $6,940. It was $3,940 for Black households and $5,510 for Hispanics. According to the Economic Policy Institute, Blacks’ median household income increased from $45,442 to $46,073 between 2000 and 2019. It went up from $47,841 to $56,113 for Hispanics. It increased from $80,000 to $98,174 for Asians.
According to a Federal Reserve data from 2019, white families had a median net worth of $188,200. It was $24,100 for Black households and $36,100 for Hispanic families. Minorities are disproportionately affected by student loan debt. According to statistics published by Educationdata.org, blacks have an average student loan debt of $52,000 in 2021. Around 40% of Black graduates have student loan debt from graduate school, while only 22% of white college graduates have debt.
Around 60% of Asian bachelor’s degree holders owe money on student loans. For Hispanic and Latino student borrowers, this proportion rises to 67 percent, and for white borrowers, it rises to 70 percent.
After four years, 48 percent of Black graduates owing an average of 12.5 percent more than they borrowed. 83 percent of White students owing 12 percent less than they borrowed over the same time period.
Education and Debt
The higher your education, the more debt you have. That’s because more education equals more money, and more money equals more spending. People with a college diploma have an average credit card debt of $8,200. Those who attended college but did not complete their education owe $4,700. According to data from the Federal Reserve, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and Experian, high school graduates have an average debt of $4,600.
The level of education a person has directly impacts their earning potential.
Here are the average yearly earnings by education level as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2020:
- Bachelor’s degree – $64,896
- Master’s degree – $77,844
- Doctorate degree – $97,916
- Less than a high school diploma – $30,784
- High school education – $38,792
- Attended some college – $43,316
- Two-year college degree – $46,124
- Bachelor’s degree – $64,896
- Master’s degree – $77,844
- Doctorate degree – $97,9
If you’re smart enough to earn a college education, you’re probably smart enough to stay out of unsustainable debt, though this isn’t always the case.
Debt and Earnings
The more money you have, the more likely you are to be in debt. Naturally, the more money you have, the easier it is to pay off your debt.
The wealthiest ten percent of earners have a median debt of $222,200, while the bottom quarter of earners have less than $20,900. A lower salary means a lower likelihood of even being approved for a loan when it comes to home ownership. Although credit card qualification is less demanding, the underlying rule remains the same.
According to a ValuePenguin review of Census and Federal Reserve figures from 2021, those in the top 10% of annual income had an average credit card debt of $12,600.
Based on income, the average debt is:
- $290,000 and up – $12,600
- $152,000 to $290,999 – $9,780
- $95,00 to $151,999 – $6,990
- $59,000 to $94,999 – $4,910
- $35,000 to $58,999 – $4,650