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The Changing Composition of Populations in China, India and Japan – The Diplomat

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A new DRI Trendlines examines the demographics of three major Asian powers and how key variables paint a complicated and, for the most part, pessimistic picture.

The following is an excerpt from the latest DRI trendlines “The Long Shadow of Demography: Population and Prosperity in China, India and Japan”. Access the full report here.

This chapter examines how the populations of China, India, and Japan are changing, looking at median age, labor force, gender, and dependency ratios, among other variables, and how they are likely to change. over the century.

To begin with, median ages are increasing in all three countries.

Median age of the population (1950-2100). Data: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

About a third of Japan’s population is currently over 65.

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Population by age groups (percentage of total population) (1990 – 2020). Data: World Bank

Data: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

Data: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

Data: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

At the turn of this century, Japan will have the highest number of women per 100 men, exceeding not only the corresponding figures for China and India, but also the figure projected for Asia as a whole.

Old (65+) and young (0-14) dependency ratios are defined as the ratios of citizens 65+ and under 14, respectively, to the total population of retirement age. working (15 to 64 years old).

Age dependency ratio (as a percentage of the working-age population). Data: World Bank

By 2050, India will be ahead of China and Japan in terms of working age population and median age.

Proportion of population of working age projected in 2050. Data: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

Projected median age of the population in 2050. Data: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations

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The above was an excerpt from the latest DRI Trendlines “The Long Shadow of Demography: Population and Prosperity in China, India and Japan”. Access the full report here.