By Kevin Deutsch
A new analysis sheds light on the challenges facing Hispanic and Black populations in Broward County, highlighting disparities in education, public health and income, among others.
The State of Hispanic and Immigrant Broward 2022 report, released by the service organization Hispanic Unity of Florida, found that the percentage of Hispanic families in Broward with children living in poverty is twice as high as white families and nearly four times higher among black families.
The analysis, conducted in tandem with the Broward County Urban League’s Black Broward State Analysis, indicates that it “provides a comprehensive and holistic analysis of key demographic, economic, and social trends, factors, and conditions that enable an informed discussion of issues of racial and ethnic equity and disparity facing Broward County and its municipalities.
Among the other economic conclusions of the report:
-The median income of Hispanic households in Broward is 87% of white households.
-The labor force participation rates of the Hispanic population of Broward County (71.6%) and the black population (71%) are significantly higher than those of the non-Hispanic white population of Broward County (58 .9%) and the American population (61.8%).
-Based on 2019 estimates, the per capita income of Black and Hispanic residents of Broward is 48 and 59 percent of white residents, respectively.
Inside the classroom, Hispanic and Black residents also face challenges:
-The report found disparities in scores between Advanced Placement (AP) exams taken by white students and Hispanic and black students. It also found that most Broward County public schools with a C or D grade are located in communities with high concentrations of Hispanic and Black populations.
-Only 31.3% of Hispanic Broward residents and 21.5% of Black Broward residents age 25 or older have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 40.2% of white Broward residents.
Among the conclusions of the report in the field of health:
-The rate of HIV diagnosis among Broward’s Hispanic population decreased from 30.8 per 100,000 in 2010 to 36.0 in 2019, while the percentage of uninsured Hispanic and Black populations in Broward has declined over the past five last years.
-Hispanics are three times more likely to be uninsured (18.2%) compared to the county’s uninsured white population (5.9%). Levels of uninsured blacks (10.1%) are double those of the county’s uninsured white population (5.9%).
-Based on 2019 estimates, the percentage of Broward’s uninsured Black and Hispanic populations has declined over the past five years. However, the percentages of the county’s uninsured Hispanic population (18.2%) and black population (10.1%) far exceed the county’s uninsured white population (5.9%).
-Survey results revealed that the rate of children born to obese mothers was significantly higher among black residents of Broward (33.6%) than among white residents (19.4%). The rate of births to obese mothers was also higher among Hispanic residents (22.6%) than among white residents.
The report also found significant housing disparities, including:
-Higher levels of financial burden and overall housing distress (i.e. age, condition) in less affluent Hispanic and Black communities in Broward.
-Homeownership rates are significantly lower among Hispanic and Black populations in Broward than among whites. The report also revealed significant fair housing and lending issues in Broward.
-Loan rejection rates for home purchase are much higher among Hispanic and Black applicants than among white applicants.
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Kevin Deutsch is an award-winning crime reporter and author. A graduate of Florida International University, Kevin has worked on the staff of the Miami Herald, New York Daily News and Palm Beach Post.