Home Uncategorized National unemployment rate was 8.4% in 2019—Employment Minister

National unemployment rate was 8.4% in 2019—Employment Minister


Ignatius Baffour Awuah, Minister of Employment and Labor Relations

Mr. Ignatius Baffour Awuah, Minister of Employment and Labor Relations, said the seventh round of the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS7) estimated the national unemployment rate at 8.4 % in 2019.

He added that based on the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) GLSS7, around 1,027,594 people aged 15 and above were estimated to be unemployed in 2019.

He told Parliament that statistics on unemployment in Ghana were not published regularly by the Department of Labor and the GSS, but were published periodically based on population surveys and censuses, such as those recently concluded by the GSS.

Mr. Baffour Awuah made the observation during his appearance before Parliament on Wednesday to answer a question from Mr. Thomas Nyarko Ampem, MP for Asuogyaman, on the current unemployment rate in Ghana and the number of direct jobs created by the government from 2017 to Date.

He said the 2021 population census estimated the labor force, which was the economically active population aged 15 and over, at 11,541,355, adding that of this figure, 9,990,237 were employed and 1,551,118 in the labor force. unemployment.

“This brings the unemployment rate to 13.44%,” Mr. Baffour Awuah said.

“Mr. President, the above figures are in contradiction with the figures obtained from ILOSTAT on Ghana for the same period. According to the ILOSTAT report, Ghana’s unemployment rate for 2019 was 4.12 % and 4.53% for 2020,” he said. noted.

Admitting unemployment issues as a major policy concern that had dominated the national discourse since time immemorial, the Sector Minister said it was important for stakeholders to acknowledge and recognize the dynamics of Ghana’s labor market system as well as the data and reporting challenges of national institutions such as the Department of Labor and the GSS.

To that end, he said the Department of Employment and Workplace Relations was carrying out an analysis of jobs created by the government from December 2021.

He noted that it was expected that the exercise would be completed by the end of the first quarter of 2022 and that the Chamber would receive the final report at the end of the exercise.

“Mr. Speaker, in 2021 the Department of Employment and Labor Relations has undertaken a trend analysis of the unemployment situation in the country over the past 29 years (1991-2020). Data from the analysis are sourced from the International Labor Organization’s OITSTAT, a global reference for international labor statistics.ILOSTAT cross-checks labor survey, census and other national data from the Ghana Statistical Service for its analysis “, did he declare.

Mr Baffour Awuah said the variations in the ESG and ILO figures stem from a different definition that was used in their calculations.

“Mr. Speaker, the standard ILO definition of unemployed is anyone you have reached the age of employability and who is available for work and is looking for a job but does not get one, that is- that is, it excludes all those who have reached employability age, are not working, but are not looking for jobs during the reference period.

“ESG, however, uses the relaxed ILO definition of unemployment which includes all persons who have reached employability age and are available for employment, whether seeking employment or No. For example, analyzing the 2019 metadata from the ESG, GLSS, per the ILO definition, the unemployment rate was 4.12%, but using the relaxed definition, 4.3 Additional % have been added to bring the ratio to 8.4%,” Mr Baffour Awuah told Parliament.