Home Uncategorized How human rights in China have progressed in recent years

How human rights in China have progressed in recent years


When Zileyhan Eysa first heard about working in a garment factory from a village official, she didn’t hesitate to take the opportunity. After 32 hours on the train, she finally arrived in the city of Bole, also her destination.

Before embarking on this adventure, Zileyhan had never left his native village in Kuqa County, Aksu Prefecture, located in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwestern China. Her mother Tursungul Rejep, who fell seriously ill at the time, could not afford treatment but was still worried about her daughter’s leap of faith.

Still, Zileyhan’s factory job, which paid 5,000 yuan (about $600) a month, was more than enough to turn things around. This not only helped cure her mother’s illness, but also paid for the family’s first motor vehicle.

“Her biggest change is that she has grown up and is as pretty as a city girl,” Tursungul said. “I changed my mind, she’s focusing on work, I’m so happy.”

Last year, Xinjiang recorded a 7 percent growth in GDP, reaching nearly 1.6 trillion yuan (about 251 billion U.S. dollars), according to local authorities. Meanwhile, the per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents in Xinjiang reached 37,642 yuan, an increase of 8 percent, higher than the GDP growth rate.

The combined population of all Chinese ethnic minority groups in Xinjiang stood at nearly 15 million as of October 2020, an increase of more than 1.9 million, or nearly 14.3 percent, in 10 years, data shows. from the 2021 Xinjiang census.

Of those 15 million, more than 11.6 million are Uyghurs, the largest ethnic group in the region, accounting for about 45% of Xinjiang’s total population, according to the data. Meanwhile, Xinjiang’s Han population has increased by nearly 2.2 million to 10.9 million, accounting for about 42 percent of the region’s total.

Throughout the region, the level of education has also increased significantly. The years of education for people aged 15 and over have increased to almost 10 years in 2020. This figure is higher than the national average of 9.9 years.

Regarding age, more than 5.8 million children are under 14 years old, representing about 22.5% of the total population. Over the past decade, the population of children under 14 has increased by more than 1.2 million. The working-age population represents approximately 66% of the total population. The population aged over 60 represents approximately 11.3%.

As the poverty alleviation campaign continues to be waged in Xinjiang, especially in the south, people’s living conditions have improved, as has the pace of urbanization.

According to the latest census data released by the Xinjiang government, the percentage of the permanent urban population is about 56 percent, compared to 43 percent for the rural population. The urban population has increased by nearly 14% over the past decade.

Last year, China’s State Council released a white paper documenting the country’s progress in promoting human rights. The document, titled “Moderate Prosperity in All Respects: Another Milestone Achieved in China’s Human Rights”, states that the Chinese government pursues “a people-centered development philosophy” and that “achieving a moderate prosperity in all respects ushers in a new era for the protection of human rights in all respects.

“The path to all-round moderate prosperity coincides with comprehensive human rights progress in China, which involves all the necessary steps to liberate, protect and develop the individual,” the white paper said.

“A moderately prosperous society takes as its main objective to ensure adequate food and clothing and to protect the right to subsistence and takes additional measures to meet the growing material and cultural needs of the people,” he said. , highlighting China’s “visible progress in securing basic needs and remarkable improvements in living standards” over the past few decades.