ATHENS – The 2021 census, the results of which were recently announced by the statistics agency ELSTAT, showed that the population of Greece decreased by 383,805 people, or 3.5% compared to the last census carried out in 2011 Women still outnumber men, with the former making up 51.4% of the population against 48.6% for the latter.
Further analysis of the results, however, showed that this decline was not evenly distributed across all areas. Among the five most populated regions of the country, Attica remains in the lead with a population of 3,792,469 inhabitants, down 0.9% or 35,965 individuals compared to 2011.
Central Macedonia followed with 1,792,069 people, down 4.8% or 90,039 people from 2011, Thessaly was third with 687,527 people (down 6.2% or 45,235 people since the last census ), Western Greece followed with 643,349 (down 5.4% or 36,447) and Crete with 617,360 people saw a drop of only 0.9%, or 5,705 people since 2011.
Of the country’s 13 regions, only the South Aegean has seen a population increase since 2011, while declines of up to 10% were recorded in Western Macedonia and 7.6% in Eastern Macedonia-Thrace.
Of the five largest municipalities, the population of Athens was reduced by 4%, that of Thessaloniki by 2.3%, Patras by 1.1%, Iraklion increased by 1.8% and Larisa increased by 1, 1%, pushing Piraeus out of fifth place.
According to ELSTAT chief Athanasios Thanopoulos, the 2021 census was the first digital census and provided reliable data and the ability, for the first time, to quickly identify duplicate and false entries. This created a reliable record, with all of the country’s inhabitants represented in the official figures.